Symptoms and Testing information for TYR Gene Albinism Oculocutaneous Type 1B Genetic Test

Symptoms and Testing information for TYR Gene Albinism Oculocutaneous Type 1B Genetic Test

Albinism is a group of genetic disorders characterized by little or no production of the pigment melanin, affecting the color of the skin, hair, and eyes. Among the various types, Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 1B (OCA1B) is specifically caused by mutations in the TYR gene. This type of albinism not only affects the pigmentation but also has significant implications on vision and skin health. Understanding the symptoms and undergoing genetic testing can be crucial for managing the condition effectively. DNA Labs UAE offers a comprehensive genetic test for TYR Gene Albinism Oculocutaneous Type 1B, priced at 4400 AED.

Symptoms of TYR Gene Albinism Oculocutaneous Type 1B

The symptoms of OCA1B can vary widely among individuals but typically include the following:

  • Reduced Pigmentation: Individuals with OCA1B often have significantly reduced pigmentation in their hair, skin, and eyes from birth. The hair might range from white to light blonde, while the skin tends to burn easily under the sun instead of tanning.
  • Vision Problems: OCA1B can lead to several vision issues, including reduced visual acuity, nystagmus (involuntary eye movements), strabismus (crossed eyes), and photophobia (sensitivity to light). These vision problems are a result of abnormal development of the retina and abnormal routing of the optic nerve signals to the brain.
  • Increased Risk of Skin Cancer: Due to the lack of melanin, which provides some protection against UV radiation, individuals with OCA1B have a higher risk of developing skin cancer. It’s crucial for them to take protective measures against sun exposure.

Early diagnosis and intervention are vital for managing the symptoms of OCA1B, especially to address vision problems and minimize the risk of skin damage. DNA Labs UAE’s genetic test for the TYR gene can help confirm the diagnosis of Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 1B.

Understanding the TYR Gene Albinism Oculocutaneous Type 1B Genetic Test

The genetic test offered by DNA Labs UAE for OCA1B involves analyzing the TYR gene for specific mutations known to cause the condition. This test is crucial for accurate diagnosis and can also provide valuable information for family planning. The process is straightforward and requires a simple sample of saliva or blood.

The cost of the test is 4400 AED, which includes the collection of the sample, the genetic analysis, and a comprehensive report of the findings. This report can be a vital tool for healthcare providers to devise a management plan tailored to the individual’s needs.

For more information or to schedule a test, please visit DNA Labs UAE.


Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 1B due to mutations in the TYR gene presents unique challenges, including significant impacts on pigmentation, vision, and skin health. Recognizing the symptoms early and undergoing genetic testing can facilitate timely interventions and management strategies. DNA Labs UAE is committed to providing accurate and comprehensive genetic testing services, including the TYR Gene Albinism Oculocutaneous Type 1B Genetic Test, to help individuals and families navigate the complexities of this condition.

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